second generation of Satellite communication

Principle of virtual satellite

The theoretical principle of virtual satellite relies on the latest discoveries in quantum mechanics and photonics. However, the mathematical foundation is elaborated from the famous differential equation (Airy Function). So, we are developing a system consisting of equations and algorithms that controls different series of photonic interactions end up with a curved path of propagation for the electromagnetic waves which will be like a channel of communication for large distances around the Earth.

convintional satellite communication

Artificial satellites provide communication links between various points on Earth. Satellite communications play a vital role in the global telecommunications system. Approximately 2,000 artificial satellites orbiting Earth relay analog and digital signals carrying voice, video, and data to and from one or many locations worldwide.

Satellite communication has two main components: the ground segment, which consists of fixed or mobile transmission, reception, and ancillary equipment, and the space segment, which primarily is the satellite itself.

virtual satellite communication

Virtual Satellite is a new technology alternative to conventional satellite communication. We call this technology the (Virtual Satellite) because it creates a long-range communication channel from transmitter to receiver without a physical intermediate orbital satellite. We think that this technology will be the new generation of satellite communications.

Space Junk

More than 27,000 pieces of orbital debris, or “space junk,” and millions of small more debris - too small to be tracked, but large enough to threaten human spaceflight and robotic missions - exists in the near-Earth space environment. Since both the debris and spacecraft are traveling at extremely high speeds (approximately 15,700 mph in low Earth orbit), an impact of even a tiny piece of orbital debris with a spacecraft could create big problems.

Light Pollution

Shiny satellites and space junk orbiting Earth may have increased the brightness of the night sky by more than 10 percent above the natural light levels, a new study has found, and further stated that these objects in the sky could also pose a threat to our viewing of the universe. The overall effect of satellites on the night sky and is affecting astronomers' observations for the universe.

Risk of collision

There are approximately 23,000 pieces of debris larger than a softball orbiting the Earth. They travel at speeds up to 17,500 mph, fast enough for a relatively small piece of orbital debris to damage a satellite or a spacecraft. There are half a million pieces of debris the size of a marble or larger (up to 0.4 inches, or 1 centimeter) or larger, and approximately 100 million pieces of debris about .04 inches (or one millimeter) and larger. There is even more smaller micrometer-sized (0.000039 of an inch in diameter) debris.

Even tiny paint flecks can damage a spacecraft when traveling at these velocities. A number of space shuttle windows were replaced because of damage caused by material that was analyzed and shown to be paint flecks. In fact, millimeter-sized orbital debris represents the highest mission-ending risk to most robotic spacecraft operating in low Earth orbit.

NASA space junk monitoring (1960 - 2019)

This video shows the dramatic increase in the number for orbital debris around Earth from 1960 to 2019. This Video taken from NASA monitoring record over the years. It is a clear evidence about the issue of Space Junk and the necessity of finding a solution for this accumulation of orbital debris around Earth.